Hantavirus: Chaco without viral circulation, but they require extreme care



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From what happened in the city of Chubut in Epuyén, where 9 deaths were recorded by Hantavirus and records of cases also with deadly consequences in Entre Ríos and Salta, those fears also spread about known diseases because after one year they were known to be infected but there was no epidemic to some time.

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"Long-tailed" mice are those that transmit Hantavirus, they say it is in rural areas and they are asking for extreme preventive measures.

The truth is that although only one type of rodent transmits disease, colloquial language is known as' colilargo & # 39; found in parts of the country, especially in rural areas, in Chaco officially a case not recorded since 2014 and authorities clarifying that there is no viral circulation in the province so the most important thing is to strengthen prevention.

The director of Epidemiology, Mariela Fabiani, wore white on black on this issue and described places where mice usually sit, characteristics of the disease and a series of precautions to be taken.

He noted that mice that transmit Hanta are located mainly in the Patagonian zone, Buenos Aires, south of Santa Fe and in the north in Santiago del Estero, Jujuy, Salta and Formosa and that it is a virus that occurs not only in Argentina.

"What transmits the disease is not rodents that are usually observed in a house, but those found in rural areas, unlike other years now observed are transmission between humans", explained by what happened at Chubut.

Specialists note that this form of transmission is to maintain contact with fluid from rodents (saliva and urine) or fecal material as well as by the breathing route when dirt and urine pollute the earth.

In addition, in this outbreak it also shows the peculiarities of inter-human transmission which facilitates dissemination, which is what happened in Epuyén and what caused extreme preventive measures. Another complication that can occur is that it is a disease & nonspecific symptoms & # 39 ;, which complicates early diagnosis. In this case, he said that the condition of severe fever which could also be categorized as dengue fever this year was sufficient reason for medical consultation.

Fabiani insisted on the concept of strengthening prevention which he said mice also transmitted other diseases such as leptospirosis.

In this case, it shows the importance of avoiding the accumulation of waste or allowing open dumps to be generated, contributing to a constant environment of building ventilation and paying attention to what might occur in places where firewood accumulates. or grass, which, like garbage, contributes to rodents who seek protection.

If all these precautions are taken and rats are observed at home, they recommend using traps or chemicals to kill animals.

Then, the advice is to spray the mouse with bleach, wear gloves to pick it up and bury it with a depth of not less than 30 centimeters.

Regarding the national scenario, they showed that among the 10 known strains of Hantavirus, the most dangerous were the Andes, which circulated in the south of the country, which would not be related to what had happened to the cases they registered in Buenos Aires on the day last day.

In this province there are four cases in the last hours and it is expected that one of them will be dismissed in the coming days.

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