According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Dengue is a viral infection -producer of viruses transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue happens at tropical and subtropical climate around the planetespecially in urban and semi-urban areas.
Other information provided by WHO is that disease events multiplied by 30 in the last 50 years. According to organizational estimates, There are 390 million dengue infections in the world every year and an estimated 3.9 billion people in 128 countries are at risk of contracting viral infections.
Infection causes flu symptoms and sometimes, evolved into a life-threatening condition called severe dengue. Even though there is no special treatment, timely detection and access to adequate medical care reduce mortality below 1%. But without a doubt, the most effective in the fight against dengue fever is prevention.
In Argentina, in recent years there have been two major outbreaks of disease, one in 2009 and the other in 2016, the latter with more than 70,000 cases according to figures from the Ministry of National Health. And one of the most risky areas in the country is located in Tartagal, Salta province.
To help reduce the risk of autochthonous cases in the city of Tartagal, the campaign has been running since 2009 "Not for dengue" – Brought forward by Pan American Energy (PAE) and Mundo Sano Foundation, a private non-profit organization.
"The targets set for this campaign aim to identify, treat, and eliminate the main focus of breeding and the permanence of mosquitoes Aedes aegypti, and apply awareness days and campaigns about disease prevention and control measures, "said Agustina Zenarruza, PAE Sustainability Manager.
This program is carried out by professionals, including, graduates in biology and doctors, which coordinates activities considering not only the sanitation aspects but the cultural aspects of each region. Activities carried out by health agent They receive regular training for each action carried out both in the field and in the laboratory.
"Since the beginning of the program and with certainty that this type of disease is fought through the dissemination of information to the public, awareness campaigns are carried out to improve preventive measures against vector progress", Zenarruza said.
In that framework, campaigns that are disposed of – eliminate infections that transmit, spray, and disseminate information with education campaign. This initiative is based on a home inspection round; information record; actions programmed according to the season; scientific research activities, and development of guidelines for replicating work.
"The experience accumulated over the years is a basic pillar in which program models are developed whose main goal is to reduce the impact of this pathology through the application of strategies directed primarily to the management of mosquito breeding sites", consider Marcelo Abril, Executive Director of Mundo Sano.
Among the most prominent results of this program are a reduction in larval infestation rates in the greatest risk period for epidemiological transmission – Summer and autumn.
In addition, the results obtained through sustained action over time have been shown to have a positive impact on gradually decreasing infestation rates, and greater knowledge of local epidemiological profiles is achieved.
Last year, as part of vector control assignments, more than 4,500 houses were visited, and 455 Aedes Aegypti hatcheries were detected. "Family acceptance was very positive, they listened to the message sent by the agent and they allowed them to inspect their residence to look for breeding grounds. and, in the case of finding them, they allow us to control them to eliminate them for sure ", stressed Abril, which at the same time emphasized that localities actively participated in activities proposed on days that were disposed of by removing unused containers from their homes.
The program "Not for fever" launched with the participation of the local city government, the Hospital of Juan Domingo Perón de Tartagal and the Ministry of National Health. Among other acknowledgments, this initiative received the Solidarity Entrepreneur Award – Ecumenical Social Forum and Award of the Franco Argentina Chamber of Commerce and Industry for 2015 CSR-Sustainability.
The key to prevention
-Clean places where leaves and water can accumulate
-Use spirals, tablets and repellents when in the house
-Do not throw garbage in empty places and public spaces
– Brush the container and prevent them from collecting water
-Clean the walls of the drains and grid with boiling water
– Avoid exposure outdoors during the first hours of the morning and evening
– Remove objects that are no longer used such as cans, bottles, vases and covers
– Keep the terrace clean
-Use insect repellent on open skin and clothing