The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and there are several types that can affect the genital area (vulva, vagina, anus, penis), mouth and throat. However, it is very easy to prevent, because there is a vaccine that can be applied to girls and boys from 9 years.
When it comes to illness there will always be myths and taboos related to the subject. That's why the specialists from League Against Cancer solve the myth most often because of this virus.
1. Only women who get HPV
Wrong! Men can also suffer from the human papilloma virus, because it is estimated that most sexually active men and women will experience this infection at some point in their lives.
2. Only women can be vaccinated against HPV
Wrong! This vaccine is recommended for children from 9 years. The dosage must be applied as follows: girls and boys from 9 years to 14 years; apply 2 doses at intervals of 6 months, and women and men from 15 years and older; apply 3 doses, the second dose after 2 months applies the first and third doses after 4 months of the second dose.
3. There is only one type of HPV
Wrong! There are more than 100 types, where strains 16 and 18 are considered high risk, which is responsible for 70% of cervical cancer case, which is the leading cause of cancer death in Peruvian women. In addition, this strain can cause cancer of the vulva, rectum and vagina, and even other types such as 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts.
4. HPV vaccine increases the onset of sexual activity
Wrong! The vaccine only protects girls against the Human Papilloma Virus. The initiation of the girl's sexual activities will depend on the information she receives from her parents, school, and community.
5. HPV means I have cancer
Wrong! Having a Human Papilloma Virus does not always mean that you will develop cancer. This is because not all virus strains are carcinogenic.
6. HPV has symptoms
Wrong! Most people infected with HPV do not have any symptoms. Thus, those affected do not experience serious health problems; As mentioned earlier, the only manifestations of HPV (which are not always present) are genital warts and some types of cancer.